The symptoms of gingivitis are few and simple—red, swollen gums that bleed during brushing, flossing, or strong chewing. When gingivitis has progressed to periodontal disease, however, more symptoms may present themselves. Since not all forms of gum disease show symptoms or cause pain until the disease has become very severe, it is imperative that you visit your dentist at the first signs of gingivitis or periodontal disease.
The symptoms of periodontal disease include the following:
- • Red, swollen, tender gums, as with gingivitis
- • Gums that bleed during brushing, flossing, or chewing, as with gingivitis
- • Persistent halitosis (bad breath) or bad taste in the mouth, often metallic
- • Receding gums (gums that pull away from the teeth)
- • Pockets between the teeth and gums
- • Loose or movable teeth
- • Changes in the bite
Gum disease can affect the entire mouth, or just certain areas or teeth, so it is important to pay attention to all of your teeth, and to notice any changes in your mouth, even if it is only surrounding one tooth.
To properly diagnose a patient with periodontal disease, Dr. Zadeh will examine the gums first, checking for tenderness, bleeding, swelling, firmness, recession, and/or pockets. He will then examine teeth for movement or sensitivity. Finally, he will take an x-ray to see if your jawbone or the portions of the teeth that lie beneath the gums have been affected. If it is determined that you do have periodontal disease, Dr. Zadeh will discuss with you the severity and progression of the disease, and your options for treatment, which are detailed on the next page.
If you think you have gingivitis or periodontal disease, please call for a consultation today. Dr. Zadeh and his staff will be happy to evaluate your dental health and provide a diagnosis for periodontal disease or any other condition you may have.